With a mountain range exceeding a height of 4,000 m ( 13,130 ft ) and a coastline stretching from the Mediterranean to the Atlantic, Morocco has a varied topography. In environments ranging from arid scrublands to cedar forests and high mountains, plant life compromises over 4,000 species adapted to extreme conditions. The coast is visited by migratory birds while the mountains are the habitat of Barbary sheep and birds of prey.
Mountain Forests and High Steppes
Forests grow in the Rif, the Middle Atlas and the Western High Atlas, at altitudes of 1,400 - 2500m, where annual rainfall is 650 - 2,000 mm. The Varied Vegetation here includes Atlas cedar, maritime Pine and Holm-oak. The high steppes, covered with low, thorny vegetation, are found at altitudes over 2,700m in the High Atlas.
Arid Coastal regions and Desert
The rocky coastal lowlands between Safi and Agadir has an annual rainfall ranging from 40 - 150 mm . Vegetation, which is adapted to saline conditions, consists of sparse shrubs, mostly acacia. Further south is the desert with ergs ( sand dunes ) and the stony hammada.
Scrub and Steppe
Southeastern Morocco consists of steppes covered in esparto grass and artemisia. On the High plateaux, on the southern slopes of the High Atlas and on part of the Anti-Atlas annual rainfall ranges from 100 - 300 mm and snow is rare. Trees include Atlas Pistachio, Juniper and Ash.
Almost all the low-lying and middle altitude regions on the northern side of the Atlas are covered by dry woodland. Annual rainfall here ranges from 350 - 800 mm and snowfall is occasional. Trees include Holm-Oak, Cork Oak and kermes oak, olive , Barbary Thuya, and Aleppo and maritime Pine
Morocco Sand Sea Tours Company
Morocco Sand Sea Tours Company Suggests Travel Itineraries for ideas of independent Morocco holidays including the best Marrakech day trips and overnight camel treks to sleep under the stars' in the Sahara. Our organised Morocco tours, treks and excursions run from Marrakech, Fes, Marrakech to Fes, Fes to Marrakech or elsewhere on request and include the Imperial Cities, desert tours, Atlas treks, New Year Tours, Sahara excursions, Berber villages and kasbahs, Marrakech short breaks, honeymoons in Morocco, camel treks in Erg Chebbi or Erg Chegaga sand dunes.